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        智利圣地亞哥因干旱被迫啟用沙漠植物景觀

        來源:可可英語 編輯:Magi ?  可可英語APP下載 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
          


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        In Chile's capital, Santiago, plants like grass are becoming rare after 13 years of extremely little rainfall.

        在智利首都圣地亞哥,由于13年來降雨量極少,諸如草之類的植物變得越來越稀少。

        The drought has forced the city of six million people to limit water use.

        干旱迫使這座擁有600萬人口的城市限制用水。

        It has also caused local officials and landscapers to replace plants that need a lot of water with desert plants.

        這也使得當地官員和庭園設計家用沙漠植物替換需要大量水的植物。

        "Santiago's landscaping is from years ago, designed for a Mediterranean climate. Now we are in a semi-desert climate," Valentina Vega of the Providencia neighborhood, told Reuters.

        普羅維登西亞社區的瓦倫蒂娜·維加告訴路透社:“圣地亞哥的景觀是多年前為地中海氣候而設計的?,F在我們這里是半沙漠氣候?!?/p>

        "We can't waste all that water anymore."

        “我們不能再浪費那么多水了?!?/p>

        Recently, Chile announced a plan to ration water in the capital.

        最近,智利宣布了一項在首都定量配給水的計劃。

        It is the first such measure in the city's nearly 500-year history.

        這是該市近500年歷史上第一次采取這樣的措施。

        It involves a four-level system that includes restrictions on water pressure and cutting off water to parts of the city for periods of time.

        它涉及一個四級系統,包括限制水壓和在一段時間內切斷該市部分地區的供水。

        In Providencia, the local government plans to change planted areas along roads into areas with plants that need little water.

        在普羅維登西亞,當地政府計劃將道路沿線的種植區改為幾乎不需要水的植物種植區。

        A special watering system is also planned.

        政府還計劃建設一個特殊的灌溉系統。

        "This saves almost 90% of water compared to traditional landscaping," Vega added.

        維加還說:“與傳統的景觀相比,這節省了近90%的水”。

        The city is also divided.

        這座城市的景觀也千差萬別。

        Rich areas have more areas with trees and plants which are little seen in poorer areas.

        富裕地區有更多的樹木和植物,而這些樹木和植物在貧窮地區幾乎看不到。

        But everyone is making changes, using native plants and modernized watering systems to avoid waste.

        但每個人都在做出改變,使用本土植物和現代化的灌溉系統來避免浪費。

        Economics student Aracely Rodriguez, 26, lives in Pudahuel, an area in the northwest of Santiago.

        26歲的經濟學學生阿拉塞利·羅德里格斯住在圣地亞哥西北部的普達韋爾。

        "Where I live there are no parks or green areas nearby, there is not much to water," Rodriguez said, adding: "We try to take care of the water. We have a conscience."

        羅德里格斯說:“我住的地方附近沒有公園或綠地,也沒有太多的水”,他還說:“我們努力保護水資源。我們有良知?!?/p>

        Rodrigo Fuster is an expert in water management from the University of Chile.

        羅德里戈·福斯特是智利大學水資源管理專家。

        He said people need to change the way they use water.

        他說,人們需要改變用水的方式。

        He said Santiago now receives less rainfall and snow from the nearby Andes Mountains.

        他說,如今,圣地亞哥從附近的安第斯山脈獲得的降雨和降雪較少。

        This has reduced river water available to the city.

        這減少了可供該市使用的河水。

        In Santiago's main city park, waterways that carry water from the Maipo and Mopocho rivers to the park are 80 percent lower than normal.

        在圣地亞哥的主要城市公園里,將邁波河和莫波喬河的水輸送到公園的水道比平時低80%。

        Park officials have updated the water systems and added trees that can live in the climate.

        公園官員已經更新了供水系統,并增加了能夠適應該氣候的樹木。

        "The drought hits us all," said Eduardo Villalobos, who helps supervise the park.

        幫助管理公園的愛德華多·維拉沃斯說:“干旱襲擊了我們所有人?!?/p>

        He added that people need to change what they do each day to save water.

        他還說,為了節約用水,人們需要改變他們每天所做的事情。

        In the park and others across Santiago, a combined five hectares of grass area has already been replaced, he said.

        他說,在公園和圣地亞哥的其他地方,總共有5公頃的草地已經被替換。

        This saves 300,000 liters of water during each watering period.

        這樣在每個灌溉期可以節約30萬升水。

        Local people have been divided about the changes.

        當地人對這些變化意見不一。

        Some said the new landscaping in places just looked like rocks.

        一些人說,一些地方的新景觀看起來就像巖石。

        Others said change would take time and could also be beautiful.

        其他人說,改變需要時間,也可能是美好的。

        Dina Robles pointed to a sustainable garden in front of her house full of different plants, colorful flowers, and grasses.

        迪娜·羅伯斯指了指她家門前的一個可持續花園,花園里種滿了不同的植物、五顏六色的花和草。

        The smell of plants often used in cooking, mint and rosemary, was carried by the wind.

        通常用于烹飪的植物(如薄荷和迷迭香)的味道被風吹過來。

        "A neighbor told me she regretted the change, that they had been promised flowers and there were only stones," Robles said with a laugh.

        羅伯斯笑著說:“一位鄰居告訴我,她對這一改變感到后悔,因為他們得到的承諾是花,而那里只有石頭?!?/p>

        She added that it took three months for the plants near her house to flower.

        她還說,她家附近的植物花了三個月才開花。

        "Then it all exploded in shades of violet and blue. It's very beautiful," she said.

        她說:“然后那里變成了一片紫羅蘭色和藍色的海洋。非常漂亮”。

        I'm Gregory Stachel.

        格雷戈里·施塔赫爾為您播報。

        文為可可英語翻譯,未經授權請勿轉載!

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